Skip to main content

tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  October 19, 2017 9:00pm-10:00pm AST

9:00 pm
but we struck up a relationship this is a dialogue tweet us with hash tag eight a stream and one of your pitches might make the actual join the global conversation at this time on al-jazeera. you stand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world. al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera.
9:01 pm
taina this is the news hour live from london coming up in the next sixty minutes a political crisis that's only deepening spain says it will suspend catalonia is autonomy after its leaders failed to back down on their secession bad. security in afghanistan and spotlight after more taliban attacks hundred twenty people have been killed in the space of a few days. we're live in gainesville florida where hundreds of police and big deployed ahead of a speech by an uninvited white supremacist. and he descended into a hall where the latest sports news is no ways women's football team become the first female national team to receive the same pay deal as their male counterparts that and more later in the program.
9:02 pm
spain's government says it will press ahead with plans to suspend catalonia autonomy after leaders that ignored a final deadline to back down secession from minister mariano hoyer will hold a cabinet meeting on saturday and trigger article one five five of the constitution a measure that's never been used allowing madrid to impose direct rule over the region if barker's in barcelona. spain's political crisis is deepening after failing to comply with the spanish government catalonia will now be stripped of its autonomy and more to let the clock you for in the absence of a clear response we note that he has not answered our request and therefore we will continue procedure of triggering article one five five of the constitution to restore legality in catalonia the capsule president. had been given until thursday morning to clarify and revoke any independence claim last week he unilaterally declared independence when. he suspended it to allow for talks but instead of
9:03 pm
clarifying his position sent a letter to madrid calling for an end to repression and for dialogue. prime minister mariano rajoy has repeatedly refused to mediate with the secessionists we're now in uncharted territory article one five five has never been invoked in mainland spain before they could see devolved powers over the raising of taxes education health care the police soon in madrid hands of the very worst you could see the suspension of the government and the arrest of its leaders it's hard to imagine any of these scenarios unfolding without more massive protests or perhaps even a change of tactics i think there's no possibility of going like taking arms phrasing arms and or even like. seeing the birth of a terrorist group i don't think that is a possibility at all but some kind of more aggressive i don't want to say violent but more stronger organized and search and see in terms of political insurgency and
9:04 pm
organization i think it's it's a problem. but madrid the show restraint amnesty international's urged the spanish government to avoid a repeat of these scenes of the day of the cattle referendum they've also asked for two independence leaders jailed by spanish judge to be released the spanish government expects it to finalize plans for direct rule at a cabinet meeting on saturday. in response the cattle and leadership say they'll now formalize independence with a vote of the regional parliament this tense standoff is entering a critical new phase the parker al-jazeera barcelona. taliban fighters have killed forty three afghan soldiers in an assault in the middle of the night at a military camp a group set off two suicide car bombs at a base in the my one district of kandahar followed by hours of gun fighting one hundred twenty people have been killed in
9:05 pm
a series of taliban attacks this week jennifer glass is following developments from kabul. the taliban attack the afghan army base in southern afghanistan in my want near the helm on the border in the early hours of thursday morning killing forty three afghan soldiers there elsewhere in afghanistan at about the same time five soldiers killed five police killed the numers and six killed in northern province that of course coming after earlier this week two separate attacks in eastern afghanistan borders impacted and in gaza killed another eighty people as well most of them afghan security forces some of them civilians the gardez attack involving two suicide car bombs also wounded three hundred people security forces as well as civilians but the fact that these attacks have taken place in the north in the east in the south and the southwest show really the the
9:06 pm
breadth of. the taliban has across the country the fact that they are able to make launch these significant major attacks across the country and hold certain areas and also that they're willing to attack military posts and inflict large amounts of casualties shows that they really can still fight now afghanistan i think that's the message they're trying to send to the afghan government and to the international community particularly perhaps the united states government which is starting to send a several thousand additional troops here to afghanistan to support the afghan security forces and the and the american secretary of state saying that the united states remain in afghanistan as long as the taliban don't come to the peace table that is the ultimate goal of the afghan government to make peace with the taliban or fight them so that they're no longer relevant so far that the taliban have shown really no indicate indication that they plan to come to the peace table and the fighting becomes more intense. well jennifer mentioned in her report there's been a string of attacks across afghanistan in recent days a fight has also attacked
9:07 pm
a police headquarters in the southeastern province of thursday a second attack on it this week the group was also responsible for an ambush in the northern province which killed six police officers on wednesday and on tuesday to unleash a wave of attacks targeting police compounds and government facilities the suicide bombers and at least seventy four people were killed when the set said talk to david seventy from the center for strategic teaching and international studies in washington he's also the former acting president of the american university of afghanistan thank you very much indeed for being with us i mean why do you think we're seeing this surge in the numbers of it and intensity of attacks by the taliban i think your correspondent had it right the taliban are struggling to prove that they are still relevant at the beginning of the fighting season this year in the spring the taliban's objective was to seize more territory particularly district in provincial capitals that has by and large failed unlike last year in
9:08 pm
the year before when they were able to seize several provincial capitals for periods of time this year they've not been able to seize any significant population centers so the taliban needed to send a message before the fighting season ends in the next few weeks that they are still relevant they're able to carry out these attacks but at the same time this kind of lashing out with a large number of casualties including civilians builds opposition to the taliban among the vast majority of afghans so the taliban are actually in a difficult position but they still remain retain the ability to carry out these large attacks by bombs but they're they've not been able to make the kind of progress in the rest of the country that they had hoped to at the beginning of this year what about the u.s. strategy at the moment i mean there's an increase in gas trikes on the country i suppose with that you do also get some civilian casualties don't you what why do you think they're increasing those there's a strikes. well the progress the taliban made in the
9:09 pm
previous two to three years after president obama pulled the majority of u.s. forces out twenty fourteen was due to the fact that they were able to amass larger and larger amounts of troops this year a dramatic escalation of air support the u.s. air strikes coupled with an increasing ability of the afghan air force to attack has meant the taliban cannot carry out large scale movements to threaten population centers the number of civilian casualties inflicted by the taliban is of course much greater than any incidental casualties caused by those air attacks but the decision by the trump administration to both increase air attacks to increase intelligence support and add some key troops to the forces in afghanistan are sending a clear message to the taliban and their supporters in pakistan that as secretary killers and said the other day the u.s. will be there until the taliban decide to choose peace over war you mentioned supporters in pakistan what about the reports of support from russia for the
9:10 pm
taliban there was it and if you sort of piece in the london times a couple of days ago suggesting that they were the russians were a few were sending fuel across free to the taliban who then selling it at to generate income is that something you think is happening on a grand scale road and you think the russians are funding the taliban in a significant way. the russian activities over the last two years really have been very disturbing their outreach to the taliban their support of the taliban which includes the fuel you mention and other support including political support has been very concerning to the afghan people and to the nato forces there i think you have to see the russian moves in the context of their broader agenda versus made overtures the united states and they're trying they've been trying to use use afghanistan as a way to try and we can both nato and united states. so far that's not happening
9:11 pm
but the russians have a lot of capability and certainly bears watching david said we thank you very much indeed to if you are not to thank you thank you but leda of an offshoot of the taliban in pakistan has been killed in a u.s. drone strike and lahoud horizonte and at least nine others were killed in two u.s. drone strikes on monday he was the head of to iraq which has carried out some of deadliest attacks in pakistan including a suicide bombing in a whole park that killed seventy five people last year a spokesperson from the group confirmed his death kids in syria celebrating the capture of a city of record from us so the great influence of syria's kurdish factions is creating consensus in neighboring turkey question how are reports. on the syria turkey border. fighters from the popular protection units or why fiji celebrating the capture of iraq. they are the most powerful kurdish group in syria
9:12 pm
the wife fiji's part of a coalition of kurdish factions known as the syrian democratic forces yeah i know that that is that the operation to leave right rocco was a strategic and ideological battle for our forces we participated in a in a commanding role side by side with our comrades in the syrian democratic forces and the people's protection units behind the job didn't fight stands a huge poster of. the jailed leader of turkey's main kurdish rebel group the kurdistan workers party. and. it's a terrorist organization next to a post is a picture of. a prominent command in the old female kurdish militia. that with solid intentions and
9:13 pm
a will that hasn't been broken we have achieved our goal which was to pound the strongholds of terrorism in the city we have restored on a to use eighty women by liberating dozens of slaves who were taken from single and we've also frayed a similar number of children. name roundabout is where i said fighters paraded in two thousand and fourteen when they took over iraq. it was also what opponents were murdered with isis gone these kurds operating on the same spot to a sense of a growing influence their territorial gains stretch from in the north east all the way to near the y.p. g.'s show of force in iraq is likely to further stoke regional tension turkey considers the kurds rising roloson. as a threat to its national security and turkish leaders accuse the y.p. jihad being an extension of the p.k. k. and war force may be used against kurdish factions to stop their advances the
9:14 pm
turkey's border. gaziantep. much more to come here on al-jazeera news hour. protests in pakistan after ousted pakistani prime minister nawaz sharif is formally charged with corruption. for his prime minister to resign may tries to jump start stalled breaks it talks will live to brussels with the latest. and support coming world series baseball champions save themselves from elimination peter will be here with a story. one person has been killed and six others wounded after iraqi forces opened fire on kurdish protestors in kentucky in the kurdish demonstrators were protesting against the takeover of the city by iraqi forces and i think it is claimed by both the
9:15 pm
kurdistan regional government and the central authorities in baghdad. that one hundred thousand kurds have fled the kirkuk region since it was retaken by iraqi forces the u.n. says it's worried by reports that civilians are being forcibly displaced and their houses and businesses looted and destroyed stephanie decker reports from abil in northern iraq. in a dusty abandoned housing project on the outskirts of reveal these are unexpected occupants. second kurdish families who fled their homes in kirkuk and surrounding areas just a couple of days ago now scrambling for basic supplies. abdul karim says she left because she was scared of shia militia fighters called her who arrived alongside the iraqi army. they weren't good with kurds they didn't trade as well they used to take and imprison them even hit women my husband is dead all i could do is take my four children and run away we came to
9:16 pm
a build it is ours to get here the bride with. iraqi prime minister hi there has ordered all armed groups out of kirkuk with only the iraqi army and federal police remaining he insists is safe and calls for the protection of civilians but many here tell us they won't return. just like one rashid mohammad and his family he was a policeman in kirkuk until he fled two days ago. people are saying is safe now but it is propaganda and i they came out and beat the youth they have burned houses that's why we got scared because of our families that's why we left a political party sold us out not all kurds are refugees this is all political. hinting at the internal divisions among the main two kurdish political parties the ruling accuse the p u k of colluding with the iraqi government leaders iran and turkey in orchestrating the takeover for a cook a complex web of age old kurdish rivalries and geopolitical interests.
9:17 pm
through her six to seven years. ago the whole money a lot happened to us we don't own our own house now we don't even know if we have a house or out things every year there is a war this war then leads to this fight that leads to this war now they came to our homes and wish should we go now. what is life in iraq she asks since i was a child i've never seen happiness it's we were off to war she tells us. many warned that regaining territory captured by eisel would mean little in solving iraq's complicated territorial ethnic and sectarian tensions it seems they may have been right stephanie decker or jazeera. police in the u.s. are bracing for protests when a white supremacist gives a speech at the university of florida a state of emergency has been declared around the gainesville campus ahead of richard spencer's talk which is due to start this hour it will be his first public
9:18 pm
appearance since he was involved in a white supremacist rally in charlottesville in august which turned violent leaving one person dead. and it kind of has a life lesson in gainesville so ending with all the security in place have there been many protesters in the end. well i think you can see or protest of the rock right behind me this is an intense security operation here something the likes of which i've never seen before even a presidential visit doesn't really get this kind of security you can hear the police helicopters hovering above as there are barriers all over the place things like water bottles and lighters have been banned masks of being banned but this is a post charlottesville world the university of florida is taking no chances here this entire security operation is costing about half a million dollars but let's bring in dr draw up and david who is the head of the faculty here you're also someone who teaches about jewish culture how should this
9:19 pm
be handled because this is essentially about hate versus freedom of speech hi andy i'm here is a delegate of the faculty union of the university of florida and we're here to support our students and the minorities of gainesville our task of education as educators is to explain what nurses are about the horrors of the second world war and the reason. the nazis coming to speak is not a normal adversity it's not two sides of this question it's something else so instead of trying to stop this from happening you trying to explain the significance of him being here but we would love to stop it but if but if we don't people have to realize that they have to stand up to the enemies of humanity as nazis killed some seventeen million innocent people.
9:20 pm
most of them were not jewish most of them were russian orthodox many of them came from other regions under not turkey patient many of them were german. nazis killed people who are termed the terminally ill they killed people who had emotional problems they kill people who were retarded they even killed. critics artists journalists. who preferred the generative art. but i mean what are you saying here is is that if we allow rich expensive to have this kind of platform if we allow his message to grow that's the way things could go in this country well not says have already killed and attack people in this country. and their eyeball than by universities or the cuts come to and in which they can appear. so. what happens here isn't some people
9:21 pm
think that if we say well we ignore the nazis we don't show up they're going to be bored they're going to walk away they are emboldened by this they feel that they are welcome in gainesville. and spencer already said that he wants to make this region is area of operation. when i teach students i already teach a second generation that is ignorant about the holocaust and is ignorant about the thrushes these of the second world war they don't understand that the nazis don't go away when you ignore them one thing that we heard many times over this week is if you show up. against the nazis then you are like them the people who say that have no idea how offensive it is to say that anything anyone is like the
9:22 pm
nazis the methods of murdered nazis use including. throwing babies head first into the war in your messages really you know it's not to ignore him but to support people here and pass on the message that the lessons learned from history dr david thank you very much for your time so i guess fairly tense here is a word to use and as you heard the doctor there saying ignorance is not the way to handle this this is a lesson in history richard spencer is due to speak in about ten minutes time i think all that most people hope for is that this whole thing passes off peacefully and certainly with this amount of security so far it's looking like that will be the case but certainly this is something that nobody here wants to ignore and thank you very much. britain's prime minister's in brussels trying to restart stalled breck's it talks to resume is calling for urgency on resolving the rights of e.u. citizens in the u.k. after it leaves the block. have been hampered by disputes over citizens' rights and
9:23 pm
the size of britain's divorce phil. joins us live from brussels. think of this meeting. laura not the sort of progress that teresa. may had hoped for perhaps as recently as a week or so ago the signs have been very clear to her and to everyone else that there isn't going to be a major breakthrough at this summit of course this is the leaders of the european union the other twenty seven who must decide at this summit amongst their summit business whether sufficient progress has been made in britain to go she actions so far in order to push them across the line into sort of second stage negotiations which the british side very much wants to happen talks about future trade relationships between britain and the european union a transition deal and so on which business in the u.k. desperately craves sort of certainty that they need to plan ahead as they look down
9:24 pm
the road at the realities of breaks and the problem for mrs may is that the realities of the negotiations so far that have dealt largely with money are that many people in the room will feel that talks have stalled at the wrist stalemate she hasn't persuaded them with her offer made three weeks ago in florence that she that britain will pay that well in excess of twenty billion u.s. dollars to meet its outstanding commitments and liabilities once britain leaves the block the figure the e.u. has in mind is likely to be tens of billions higher than that so the draft conclusions are already out there it is clear that they are not going to determine that sufficient progress has been made but that isn't going to stop the reason may in a short while from now addressing her fellow twenty seven leaders over dinner and essentially appealing to them she's going to talk about the progress that has been made it sounds like it will be a sort of appeal to help her to come along with her and help progress to be made.
9:25 pm
just come away empty handed there when that be catastrophic for her considering her already weakened state at home. while it certainly would be if if that were to be the case i think the e.u. is very keenly aware of her we can political circumstances at home it's not in. their interests were to be weakened any further they will try it seems according to the draft proposal to ensure that it doesn't go away or that it does go away rather with at least her dignity intact they'll be language to do with praising so that her efforts in the negotiations so far they'll set another date the fourteenth of december down the line for the negotiations to be scrutinized once again they may during the course of friday when they talk about this after she's left come up with some sort of a concession she's put citizens' rights on the table in the peel to them saying we're so close touching distance she said to a deal they may give her that as a concession to allow her at least to go home with that victory even albeit under the circumstances just a small victory simply to retain what remains of her political authority and health
9:26 pm
thank you. trees amaze office has hit back after a tweet from the goldman sachs's c.e.o. lloyd blankfein tweeted that he would be spending more time in frankfurt as a result of bricks it britain is currently home to most of the company's european operations but is pushing ahead with plans to make the german city a major base maze office says london will remain the world's leading financial center. a pakistani court has formally charged the ousted prime minister nawaz sharif his daughter and son in law with corruption opening a trial that could see the formulated jailed twenty sixteen panel papers revealed the family had used offshore companies to buy expensive properties in london and their wealth did not match their income and since the proceedings are part of an opposition fueled conspiracy that. supporters cheered on miriam sharif and her
9:27 pm
husband mohamed saft are as they appeared in court in islamabad when they left they were formally facing corruption charges still sending a defiant message and denying the accusations. even if you know they should stop wasting their time and the country and the nation if they hand down a punishment then let them do it but they should stop making a mockery of the constitution or deprive the family of basic human rights a fair trial they should stop making a mockery of justice the leaks showed she and her family had much greater wealth than reported which helped them buy elegant expensive homes in london she is the heir to the sharif political dynasty her future complicated by the release of the panama papers that revelation lead to pakistani supreme court judges disqualifying the prime minister his third time in office once again and it early. wasn't in court he's visiting his alien wife in europe but his daughter says he will return to face the charges political analysts say prosecutors have
9:28 pm
a strong case against them in this case there is a case of corruption. corruption is just it's a just a matter of thirty days if the procedure exists and that's of course the family will be you know in jail and they will be. from for a period of seven to fourteen years still his is a powerful name and to many pakistanis the rightful leader. and we have always. respect to the law of the country and even to all institutions we are here to peacefully support our leaders and to show our solidarity with them sharif previously was deposed by coups in the courts for that he paid a political price but now facing a future with his very freedom on the line. al jazeera. stay with us on the news hour still ahead when mark comes under mounting pressure everett's treatment a range of muslims as the u.s.
9:29 pm
weighs in on the crisis. scientists one of the looming ecological on the getting as new research reveals the flying insects population is shrinking like never before. doping finds its way into the world of dog sledding peter has the details later in sport. welcome back as we look at the weather across the levant and western parts of asia it's all looking dr fine at the moment temperatures not too bad for this time of the year back enjoying sunshine and temps of twenty three wall across turkey is also looking fine and what the conditions across the eastern side of the mediterranean also particularly good at the moment will seeing temperatures drop away across iran iraq through into kuwait so just into the low thirty's so very pleasant here here in the arabian peninsula to temperatures are dropping more
9:30 pm
importantly the humidity is dropping so thirty seven degrees as a high in and heavy on through into the talent the weekend temperature of thirty four in abu dhabi is also pleasant on the other side the potential but temperatures in mecca still close to the forty mark across into southern portions of africa for the most part we've got fine weather during the course of friday but there is a little convergence line where the winds will come together not to well develop into a more active system as we head on through into saturday with showers for durban some heavy ones johannesburg too but it should be largely dry and fine in capetown elsewhere plenty of sunshine in evidence central parts of africa looking fairly lively still wish i was towards good barna and cameroon further west looks should be largely fine and i crank out a highs of thirty. as we embrace new technologies rarely do we stop to ask what is the price of this
9:31 pm
progress what happened was he was started getting sick but there was a small group of people that began to think that maybe this was related to a stranger in a job an investigation reveals how even the smallest devices deadly environmental and health we think ok we'll send our you waste to china but we have to remember that air pollution travel around the globe death by design at this time on al-jazeera is defo not whether someone saying something is very red is going to be true i think it's how you proceed and if it is a certain way of doing it you can just by historian find out. an indian mining company is heading to australia to build one of the world's biggest mines will it be an economic bonanza or an ecological disaster. at this time when i visit .
9:32 pm
one of the top stories here nigeria spain's government says it will hold a cabinet meeting on saturday to trigger article one five five of the constitution that will allow it to impose direct rule over catalonia up to date as they know the deadline to back down over secession. taliban fighters have killed forty three afghan soldiers in an overnight assault on a military camp in the southern province of kandahar. and police in the u.s. state of florida bracing for protests as white supremacist richard spencer is about to give a speech at a university that. this intensifying international pressure on me and not over the violent repression of
9:33 pm
range of muslims united nations and the us government told a miniature responsible according to tough measures to deal with a crisis. reports. that tens of thousands of ranger refugees are coming to bangladesh every day they see their homes are being burned and they're being chased by buddhist mobs. they describe desperate conditions and having little to eat. military denies the allegations of abuse and insists it's going after what it calls terrorists but the international community doesn't believe the claims by the military we really hold the military leadership accountable for what's happening with the writing area what's most important to us is that the world can't just stand idly by and be witness. to the atrocities that are being reported in the area. that. there has been no let up in extrajudicial
9:34 pm
killings rights abuse rape and arson attacks the un rights chief told al-jazeera that the international community must intervene if perpetrators of the violence are not punished this is still ongoing notwithstanding the claim that the military operations have largely wound down this does not seem to be the case but so the idea that this could be conducted with impunity i think must be put behind us and then if. resistant. security council should consider other measures of course to be applied nearly six hundred thousand people have had to leave their homes and because many don't have any official status in myanmar there's very little prospect of return. how does it. in cox's bizarre has been set up to help fifteen thousand people stranded in bangladesh border areas there. all this going to arrest in this temporary shelter
9:35 pm
crossed into bangor that's within the last two to three days now they were confined when a place called on human part about ten to fifteen thousand already there for the last three days they were not allowed inside one of the star trees because the burning of the border guard can find them they're not true that the authorities decided to allow them in bangor the start there is a designated sudden places for this nearly. to take shelter and we spoke to some of the injured as it is right there tells of atrocities similar to what other refugees who came in recent days told us. that burning a hundred thousand in ma we can't do any business work there anymore the security forces driven us out of our villages and told us go to bangladesh you're not from hand. this corroborates with the amnesty international latest report about it find me on my arm is systematic approach of driving the most women out from myanmar into
9:36 pm
bangladesh this fight all the international pressure and diplomatic pressure nothing since myanmar army since to be determined to drive everyone in your muslim into bangladesh to there's opposition says three people have been shot dead in a third day of anti-government protests demonstrations have been fighting running battles with police in the capital no main that demanding law changes to limit how know those leaders can stay in power president phone a family that's been in power for more than half a century you could continue until twenty twenty on the colonel's. money first demonstrating today to show anger fifty one years in part from one in the same family one single regime that's enough we can't remain under this regime any longer that's enough. our desire is demanding the release of its journalist mahmoud hussein who's now been in prison in egypt for three hundred two days is accused of
9:37 pm
broadcasting false news to spread chaos but you know jazeera strongly denied one who has repeatedly complained of mistreatment during his time in prison he was arrested in december of visiting his family. for indian refugees in democratic republic of congo say they're not getting enough food to eat about four hundred thousand people have fled burundi since a political crisis began in twenty fifteen when president jiang guernsey's a announced his bid to run for a third term the web reports from lucinda refugee camp. these people say they've waited days for food to be delivered live here release them the refugee camp in the democratic republic of congo after fleeing conflict in neighboring the really they were keen to talk to us they were issued electronic cards by the un's world who'd program for them to buy food if they stopped working and that's why they're waiting for food in trucks. marina banda looks after a family of twelve like many she thinks she's
9:38 pm
a victim of fraud by humanitarian workers he just as i want to get him or yeah they give us cards that don't work the stuff the kurds that work so when we go to get food we get nothing and we go home hungry more than thirty thousand people live in the camp most of them were issued the electronic cards in july which they're meant to receive fifteen dollars a month to come president told us people are now waiting for food trucks because more than a thousand cars have since stopped working poorly play neymar lost the last month there was no problem then we realized that there was some duplicate cards. block the duplicate but some other people why did it do to these some people i've not been tapped for for three months then fighting between the army and an armed group in the surrounding area delayed the deliveries for days so when the trucks finally arrived. people were pleased. program told us the electronic card systems worked well elsewhere but here it left some people hungry and waiting yami
9:39 pm
a manager told us that could be technical problems and the system makes it difficult and unlikely anything is possible out of the sun but with the checks that we have to remember this is not the first time. everybody you know praised. its fluorescent do the best. since the delivery maybe they'll eat for now every family's given some sacks of this corn meal some of the dried peas and a little bit of cooking oil and a little bit of so it's a basic diet every meal is the same and a lot of the people that we've spoken to here say they immediately have to give some of what they collect away they've been borrowing food from their neighbors in recent days so they have to pay their food. marie says she'll have to deal with some of her she has five children of her own and looks after five others one of
9:40 pm
whom is a baby she found abandoned when running away from military in burundi every day is a struggle here in the camp but at the third day they'll have a meal malcolm webb al-jazeera loosened in the democratic republic of congo a group of researchers in germany who carried out an in-depth study into flying insects have discovered that they're dying off at an alarming rate and a warning of an impending ecological on the good and in the past twenty seven years the research has used sticky traps to collect insects at sixty three nature reserves across germany over that time they found an average decline of seventy six percent scientists aren't sure why there's been such a big drop but believe pesticides could be to blame casper harmon is a search area experimental plant ecology and redwood university and was the lead research author of the study he's near the town of nuristan greece is joining us over skype and before we go on to the kind of nitty gritty of your research tell us
9:41 pm
why we should care about the insect population decline and why they why they important or good evening i think it's not in sex play a very crucial role in our system. that provides food source for many animals but reptiles. insurable the nation of mind as humans are the source of this also the. well they're also. you know they also are responsible like nutrients are which are essential systems so why is what huge decline you discovered why do you think it's happening. well we were unfortunate i cannot pinpoint what was the cause to this decline you did look at a number of suspects just climate change for example but if you think over the past few years to say temperature it has increased slightly you know that temperatures are actually beneficial for insects so we would have expected an increase in insect
9:42 pm
primacy of yet we find a staggering seventy five percent of some five percent decline in sick violence and now it's not what could be the cause well this study was conducted in the not in the small nature reserves that were embodied in the landscape. you know dominated particulary agricultural landscape. it may be the case that the size of the area or this is in between them to be insufficient sustainable relations and being surrounded in a hostile area they cannot survive they might be drained out of the niche so that's one possible. that we would like for those who can and do you think that your figures would be replicated in other industrialized countries would you think it could actually be specifically decline in the areas that you studied. well it's hard to say because the data set collected by our colleagues in rachel are very
9:43 pm
unique this is not done before looking at the total by last minute shot some new lights on what's going on. at the same time we know around the well being the clients in peace and the law it's mots well the specific species and welds were very important studies but we had to assure him this is the case with the rest of the insects and well and that since thousands of thousands now generally say that this is a present study for the entire globe no we cannot say that based on the study that would be absurd however i think it is representative of nature reserves in the human community landscape so you might find all the parts of just another lens u.k. or maybe more in america and what you think could be don't want it to invest in the decline well it's ideally you would like to pinpoint the cause and then pursue the mitigation measures this is unfortunately done so but at the same time we know a lot of measures that up beneficial for insects and we know
9:44 pm
a lot of things that are not that you meant to do insects first one should be enhanced on the second one to avoid it so we could avoid for example the effects of tens of agriculture and we can provide. more and better managed various tests our rich brosnan's insects we would like. thank you very much indeed for taking time to talk to us appreciate it thank you but you can. still to come on al-jazeera faced with a shrinking catch gaza fishermen hope palestinian reconciliation will turn the tide on their fortunes plus. on paul reese in the netherlands where norway's women's football team is about to play the first world cup qualifier since they secured a historic equal how you deal with the mend.
9:45 pm
9:46 pm
new zealand has a new prime minister its third female leader and the youngest in one hundred sixty is it into don't need a center left coalition government with support from the new zealand first party and the greens and thirty seven year old labor party came second in last month's election behind the incumbent center right national party it is vowing to address these ilands housing and inequality issues. i feel extraordinarily on it and privileged to be in the position to form a government with a labor with life at the leave i want to thank all those who gave labor support
9:47 pm
throughout the election and through this period of negotiation we campaigned had on issues that we believe strongly on and now we take very seriously the responsibility that we have to deliver on them. israel has temporarily expanded palestine's fishing zone off the coast of gaza but local fishermen say the extension will do little to improve their already meager incomes and it smith reports. its sardined season in the waters off the coast of gaza but along with high winds and heavy seas the fishermen here have one extra challenge that no other fishing community in the mediterranean faces they risk being shot if they stray outside a narrow zone imposed by the israeli navy. i never said to somebody i've been fishing since one thousand nine hundred seventy i used to enjoy it we used to make good money and now i don't enjoy it as you see we're sweating all night for nothing
9:48 pm
. the competition for the fishing has grown as the blockade of gaza has tightened with unemployment at around forty percent more men turn to fishing desperate for any source of income and. there are no jobs so all i could do is help my father and i make six dollars a day to help feed my family. israel has expanded the fishing zone from eleven to seventeen kilometers from now until mid december twenty years ago this boat would only need to cast its nets ones to catch up to eight hundred kilos of fish tonight the net is thrown out three times the total haul just a ticket. was a sufficient really want to be able to do is to sell out deeper into the mediterranean where there's more valuable fish such as sea bass and shark and it's one of the hopes of this palestinian reconciliation that the israeli military will considerably relax these maritime restrictions. during israel's occupation of gaza
9:49 pm
the fisherman sailed up to thirty seven kilometers off the coast since the hamas takeover it's been restricted to eleven seven fishermen have been killed and more than one hundred wounded by israel's navy for allegedly straying beyond. well larry as long as we're under occupation i don't see there is any solution the israelis control everything it doesn't matter if the palestinian authority or hamas is in charge. it cost four hundred seventy dollars in fuel and rented to take this boat to see the catch gave a profit of one hundred dollars shared between the crew of eleven burnitz made al-jazeera gaza. time for support peters in doha lauren thank you very much denmark so women's football team could be expelled from world cup qualifying after they called of their upcoming fixture with sweden due to a dispute over pay and conditions they seeking pay equality with the men's team
9:50 pm
something achieved by maybe as norway this week the way are currently in the netherlands to prepare for a world cup qualifier paul restrict votes from amman. on a level playing field at last the norwegian women's football team training for a world cup qualifier against the netherlands have just secured a world first off the pitch. becoming the first female national team to receive the same pay deal as their male counterparts first i was i was really surprised because i didn't know about it i read it in the newspaper so i was really happy and they really respect us and they want they would hopefully morning well did the same and i and i'm really proud that the first nation. the team's pay is set to almost double going up to seven hundred fifty thousand dollars a year there's also twenty five percent of revenue from major tournament that's
9:51 pm
less in women's football than in the men's game but no white women qualify much more often. now not only is they still the first of its kind in the world it's also been very friendly while other countries such as denmark have been in quite a bit with their football associations about supply this day it was suggested by the norwegian f.a. and it's includes a financial contribution from the men's team the players who say they feel an important sense of unity from norway's myal internationals you volunteered seventy thousand dollars towards the agreement for the men's then to give us money to make it equal pay it was just this really gentleman it's just really really a big jester jester from them and we're really thankful this is like just a really good thing to have in the way because you don't have to worry about the money's coming in or whether you should quit football or rather study so hopefully
9:52 pm
there will be more women playing football longer in norway and then we will have more really high level players so we can win tournaments norway's qualify including in is against the dutch side that warne you were twenty seventeen a few months ago. with the dutchmen meanwhile failing to qualify for next year's world cup holland's women may hope a better deal may soon be on the table for them as well paul reese have been in the netherlands so apart from norway and denmark pay parity and equality have been hot topics in women's football right across the world and it starts at the top fee for paid women's world cup champions the usa two million dollars for their victory one men's champions germany to come thirty five million in comparison after years of wrangling with u.s. soccer the women's team received a bump in bonuses earlier this year but it's still less than their male counterparts who don't forget failed to qualify for next year's world cup five of brazil's top players quit last week after the first woman to coach them emily lima
9:53 pm
was fired they've complained of low appearance fees and a lack of support from the brazilian football federation who have no women on the executive board and african women's champions nigeria had to stage a two week sit in at their hotel before the nigerian government agreed to release a one million dollar bonus for winning the twenty six team tournament the mainstream is in line for a twelve point five million dollar bonus in comparison for reaching the world cup finals in russia. let's discuss the some more now with you on the henny who's the former pfieffer head of women's football together thank you for joining us why is equality such a better in women's football. and i would love to have an easy answer to this one obviously it's really a challenge it's hard to explain it's complicated basically if you want to put that in short i think it has a lot to do with a male dominated culture football is very male oriented run by men and women's
9:54 pm
football is coming you know into this sport well not new but it seems to take ages for people to understand what to do and how to structure women's football what would you say are the main factors holding women's football back from moving forward i really think it's a lack of understanding of how to see the opportunities women's football nowadays it's a fantastic sport it's appreciated by the public by people on the street you can see that from the numbers up of watching the people women's world cup matches in the stands or following the t.v. and social media there are huge numbers of people and this starts to drop and kate in so many other countries and leaks it's only now you know maybe it's the top but it's a really booming market and rights holders as well as sports organizations and basically the ones who run it seem to have not really understand or just don't see the potential which actually exists in women's football it's probably the biggest women's sports in the world and it has a lot of of
9:55 pm
a big commercialized so perhaps we can elaborate a little bit as you say equal pay is one thing but what other elements are required for true equality would you say. you know equal pay is is is a bit complicated to this can start right i mean obviously at the end of the day that's what we all want and not the not plays should should aim for in the chief but right now there are so many other issues in women's football and it's really a lack of structure a lack of access to proper facilities a lack of support of federations and clubs and even giving actors to all girls in the club to play football so i think it's you know it's a complex matter and we should not only focus on equal pay it should be making sure players can have it while career making sure players have proper safe and be the right medical support environment and all these things are so crucial part of future of the game so it's it's really a lot we need to work on and probably the best way to start is giving women access to that decision making level i think that sir that's the biggest challenge women's
9:56 pm
football still has all right and then further to that what potential would you say there is for women's football to generate more income i think it's huge i think once the women's football has its own rights and can actually activate their dare rights and do a proper strategy and use the values of women's football women's football is not men's football and it's that's what people love about it you know there's a really nice aspect of it it's fair players are approachable and players love to interact with fans so there's so many things we should that we should use and commercialized and put it really on the landscape so i do think it's probably one of the biggest sports in the world and it should be able easily to copy quick things like women's tennis the big tournaments and if you look at the prize money there i think there is quite some advancement in tennis which football is the step behind so i think we should look at what's the best in women's sports world by and for people to be able to be up there either early to him and we're going to leave it there thank you so much for your time very much appreciated fascinating
9:57 pm
conversation. the chicago cubs have stayed alive in the race for a place in baseball's world series the defending champions beat the l.a. dodgers three two two home runs from savvy advice helped the cubs the victory they now trophy three one in this best and seven series. elsewhere the new york yankees have taken the lead in their series against the used an astros the yankees were for nothing up by the sixth inning and gary centuries hit the second home run of the game to make it five nothing in the seventh they now lead three two in this series and they can reach the world series if they win again on friday. doping is an issue that spin on the radar in recent months and it's made its way into dog slating several dogs who participate in slating his most famous race i did a rod tested positive for the banned substance tramadol in march race officials on
9:58 pm
to giving the names of the dogs the drivers involved just yet that. we are going to leave it there and that's back to london more sport again later. thanks so much peter more on our website including details of the ongoing political crisis in spain with just in the last few minutes the european union's. european council president has said that member states are clear there is no room or space for any kind of mediation and they catch. a superman or a team on the news hour. with more the day's news right now.
9:59 pm
or is it alison whether online me what in hurricane winds full almost like thirty six hours these are the things that has to address or if you join us on sat. one but. a relationship basis is a dialogue tweet us with hash tag a day stream and one of your pitches might make the next show join the global conversation at this time on al-jazeera over here this is opportunity to understand a very different way where there. is and we don't leave our. short films of hope and inspiration. a series of stories that highlight the human triumph against the odds.
10:00 pm
al-jazeera selects at this time. al-jazeera. where ever you are.

304 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on